Objectives: to acquaint students with the professional musical works of Frederic Chopin; to help distinguish between mood, feeling and character expressed in music; analyse the artistic and imaginative content of music works; to develop a common Outlook; to raise interest in the subject.
Equipment: portrait of Chopin, images, "Dance Krakowiak"
1. F. Chopin – Concert for piano and orchestra No. 1, II and part III (fragments)
2. S. Randa – "The Fall"
Teacher: Rang the bell for us, we need to start a lesson! (a musical greeting) Hello! In today's lesson we will get acquainted with the Polish music. In Polish music, as in music of the peoples of any country, collected only good, valuable, good that is in people. This is its educational and aesthetic value: to be able to understand the beauty of life, to teach beautiful thoughts and deeds. The world recognition of Polish music brought the works of Frederic Chopin, pianist and composer of the XIX century. He has expanded the expressive possibilities of the piano. Presents a brief life of F. Chopin is inseparable from the life of his native Poland – its history, culture, folk customs. Chopin was born in a small house in Zelazowa Will, near Warsaw. The house stood in a Park near the river, and in the house often held musical evenings, then, the piano was carried out of the house and put under the fir tree, the audience was located under the open sky. These evenings are held now in this building is the Museum of Chopin. Very early manifested musical talent of Frederic. At the age of 8 he had already performed in concerts. He graduated from Warsaw high school and enrolled at the Higher school of music. Chopin did not attract major musical forms: he wrote no operas, no symphonies, no concertos. At the age of twenty he wrote "Concerto No. 1 for piano and orchestra", consisting of three parts. Guys, what is the concert as a musical genre?
(The concert is a musical composition for one or more solo instruments and orchestra)
Teacher: Well Done! You will now hear the second part of the concert of F. Chopin. Think about what feeling the composer put into this music.
Hearing: F. Chopin – Concerto for piano and orchestra No. 1, part II (fragment)
Teacher: What feelings the composer behind this music? (tenderness, tenderness, dreaminess, ease, etc.)
Teacher: do you think there is any among these tools the main? (Students ' answers)
Teacher: the Dominant role given to the piano. At a fraction of the orchestra is modest accompaniment in the form of harmonic support. What mood pervades the music? (ligt, good)
Teacher: What do you imagine when listening to this music?
(Students ' answers)
Teacher: Through music the idea really "heard" the voices of nature – the rustling of leaves, splashing of water, the trill of the Nightingale.
Hearing small fragments: F. Chopin – Concerto for piano and orchestra No. 1, part II
Teacher: How would you describe the melody? (melodious, gentle, lingering, air)
Teacher: What is the rhythm and tempo? (calm, quiet)
Teacher: Tell me, is there in this music fragment dynamic development? (Yes)
Teacher: What is it?(Students ' answers)
Teacher: Guys, the second part of "Concert for piano and orchestra No. 1" by frédéric Chopin a very dreamy, mysterious and beautiful. Listen now to part III of this music. Determine whether the nature of this piece of music is similar to the character of the music, listened to us early.
Hearing: F. Chopin – Concerto for piano and orchestra No. 1, third movement (fragment)
Teacher: What is the nature of this music? Whether it is similar to the previously unheard?(no, she's more frisky, fun, playful)
Teacher: What images arise in your imagination while listening to part III? (celebration, joy, celebration, etc.)
Teacher: Indeed, listening to this music, you can present a picture of festivities. With the help of some of the most striking musical expression the composer is this festive atmosphere?
(frisky rhythm, an abrupt melody, fast, mischievous tempo)
Hearing a small snippet: F. Chopin – Concerto for piano and orchestra No. 1, third movement (fragment)
Teacher: How would you describe the melody? (she's funny, playful)
Teacher: the Main melody, and really energetic, bright, cheerful, with a clear focus, and that is clearly in the spirit of popular genres: songs, dances. The main theme of the third movement of "Concerto for piano and orchestra No. 1 by F. Chopin became Krakowiak (the name comes from the Polish city of kraków) is a popular Polish folk dance that is fun, temperamental, with a proud posture. The dance movements are largely constructed on different jumps, turns and they are easily malleable. In the Cracow dance praises the young guys. The dance is usually an even number of pairs, and the music is under musical instruments.
Viewing images: Polish folk dance "Krakowiak"
Teacher: so Frederic Chopin expressed his attitude to his native country of Poland and its culture. Joyful character, the richness of the piano paint, virtuosic showiness – all this determines the celebratory tone of the finale of "Concert for piano with orchestra № 1".
Teacher: Indeed, you are right. Almost immediately after writing his concert, in the autumn of 1830, Chopin left Warsaw and moved to Paris. After 10 years in Paris, Chopin collapse one after another the blows of fate. His health deteriorated and at the age of 39 composer did not. His sister Ludvika fulfilled his last wish: he was taken to the home of his heart, which still rests in Warsaw's Holy cross Church. Guys, what do you think, could this melody to write to Frederic Chopin?
The lightning speed of the chorus of the song: S. Randa – "the fall" (none)
Teacher: And why? (because the melody is simple, it's easy to remember, this music similar to the song)
Teacher: Let's listen to this piece of music from beginning to end. Think about what mood permeated this music?
The performance of the teacher: S. Randa – "the fall"
Teacher: What is the mood of this music? (cheerful, Sunny)
Teacher: what genre written this piece of music? (this song)
Teacher: This beautiful song called "falling leaves" written by modern composer Svetlana Randa from the city of Novosibirsk, writing music for children. Among her creations song: "colors of summer", the Russian bear," my first Teacher", "Wonderful forest", "School festival" and others. What is said in the song "the fall"?
based on the delights of autumn, its colour, brightness)
Teacher: This song is called "falling leaves." And in a bit of a gloomy day it is able to all of us to lighten the mood. Let's learn this beautiful song!
Learning: S. Randa – "The Fall"
1. to monitor the accuracy of execution of melody and rhythmic pattern;
2. pay attention to diction;
3. rehearse and perform in a fun, playful, mischievous character.
The performance of the students: "falling leaves"
Teacher: Guys, what musical compositions were performed in class today?
( "Concert for piano with orchestra № 1")
Teacher: With the works of which composer we first met? (Frederic Chopin)
Teacher: What song rehearsed and performed?
Teacher: Children, today we were treated to two completely different music, but each of them great. Listen to more music like that and then the horizons of your musical tastes will undoubtedly expand. Our lesson is over! Bye!