Early age is the most favorable time for the accumulation of ideas about the world. How will the child when they get older? What will come in adult life our kid?
From birth, children are surrounded by various phenomena of animate and inanimate nature. Summer day they see the Sun and feel the warm breeze of the winter evening they were surprised looking at the moon, the sky studded with stars. Gather pebbles, playing with sand and water. The objects and phenomena of animate and inanimate nature consists in their livelihoods, are objects of observation and games.
Items of different nature in color, form, structure, and there's so many different sounds. The impact of nature on child happens spontaneously and during the formal training and education. Constant communication with nature improves visual acuity, accurate color perception, develops hearing, improves the sense of perception and visual presentation babies, promotes the assimilation of sensory standards.
Impressions are especially important in the development of the young child. Children receive necessary sensory experiences when interacting with objects of nature: the smells and colors of flowers, shape and taste of the fruit, the roughness of the stems and smooth leaves.
The child develops cognitive activity, awakens interest in his surroundings, and he acquires new knowledge.
So the above led to the choice of my topic for in-depth study allowed me to formulate the objectives of their work and identify challenges.
Objectives: - to identify features of the sensory development of children of younger preschool age in the process of applying games with a natural material;
- to study the effect of natural materials on the sensory development of children of preschool age;
- to get acquainted with the methods of games with a natural material used for the sensory development of children.
To develop a model of my work, I examined a number of legal documents: it is the law of the : "On education", "On sanitary and epidemiological welfare of population"; "Convention on the rights of the child", "Federal state requirements to the structure of the basic educational program, etc.
- organize play areas with natural material
- to develop children's initial ideas about the nature
- to introduce children to the diversity of properties of natural objects (shape, size, sounds, spatial location)
- to develop cognitive interest,
to bring up careful attitude to the nature
The fundamental principle of my work is to constantly familiarize young children with the properties of natural objects in the process of the games with natural materials.
In its work on this issue, I use methods and techniques, the choice of which is carried out taking into account age and individual capabilities, but also the state of the level of development of perception of the treatment period.
Novelty and significance of my work lies in the development and adaptation of children of early age, studying the properties of natural objects (shape, size, spatial arrangement) in the process of the games with natural materials.
- the study of the psychological and methodological literature on the subject
- sharing with a teacher-defectologist diagnostic tests of level of development of children to ensure compliance with their diagnoses
survey parents to familiarize young children with the properties of natural objects
Priority direction of our MBDOU is correctional-pedagogical direction.
Its work system in accordance with an exemplary General education program of preschool education "From birth to school" edited by I. E. Veraksa, T. S. Komarova, M. A. Vasilyeva, taking account of the requirements state Federal educational standard of preschool education, the Federal state requirements. Create optimal conditions for upbringing, education and development of children in accordance with their age and individual characteristics.
In the process of working with children, I sought to create an atmosphere that would allow children to feel free, relaxed, naturally, to encourage communication between children and their independence in the manifestation of creative initiatives. All work with children is based on the organization of acquaintance of children with the properties of natural objects, while using a variety (visual, verbal, games) methods and techniques, contributing to a climate of interest, create in children a positive emotional state:
- stories using the colorful illustrations
- reciting nursery rhymes and counting-out rhymes, finger exercises, presentation of modes of action from natural material, didactic games.
Organizing children play with natural materials (water, sand, stones, feathers, as well as a variety of cereals (buckwheat, semolina, beans, experimented with sugar, salt, snow, ice, intensified the development of children based on knowledge obtained during training and collaborative gaming activities, contributed to the development of cognitive activity in different types of activities; to build self-confidence, enhancing intra-group interaction of children.
Creating educational subject-spatial environment, helped children to independently choose activities based on their needs.
Young children have behaviors that should be considered during game interaction. They are still incapable long time to concentrate on one activity, but in the game, being at the peak of emotion, children are capable of learning many new words and expressions. All this gives to be curious, to see the result.
Important educational moment – instilling love, respect and interest in nature. Every day children are walking in the street, so the walk was a benefit to the comprehensive development of children can be arranged on the air: observations in the nature, games with natural materials with the purpose of development of cognitive activity, curiosity provides games to discover kids with the natural material. For example: sand "Sand rain", "Whose footprints? ", "Patterns in the sand", "hide What? ", "Mink", as well as experiments-observation: "What's easier and what's harder? ", "What's it like? ", "What shape? ", "Values? ""Where is? ", ; depending on the time of year I spend playing with the water in the group room or on the plot: "Waterfall", "Boats float", "Icicles", "Bubbles". During play activities, the child develops cognitive activity, awakens interest in his surroundings, and he acquires new knowledge.
After lunch, kids put to bed, and this time period use to listen to children melodies from the series "Sounds of nature: babbling brook, the sound of rain, rustling leaves. When the kids Wake up help them understand telling that "spoke" melody about nature.
In the afternoon there is a significant period of time when children can play. This time try to use a rational and rich. The group includes didactic and Board printed (bingo, jigsaw) game. Created "the Museum of the natural material", a library of colorful books, English folk tales, the area of regenia, in the group there is a space for theatrical activities, table and finger theaters, theater on the magnets on the subjects of English folk tales: "chicken Ryaba", "Teremok", "Three little pigs", "Kolobok", "Marry and the Bear" allows children to take the initiative and use them in their games. Organized by the observations in the nature, games with natural materials, learning poems, nursery rhymes, listening to tunes contribute to replenishment of knowledge of children about the properties of natural objects.
By results of work see that the systematic and systematic work on this topic has enabled the children to develop:
- cognitive activity
- development of speech
- helped in the improvement of fine motor skills of hands
- contributed to the development of children's tactile and visual perception
- taught to distinguish color
- compare objects in size.
Thus, organizing the activities of the child in DOW, familiar with the natural world, I try to give children a positive attitude to life, human values, creativity.
One of the prerequisites of acquaintance of children of early age properties of natural objects are the parents, because at an early age lays the Foundation of human personality, spiritual and moral potential. Parents and teachers should remember that the goal of early development - education of the smartest, kind and healthy child. Recommendations for using the expertise of parents:
- first observations in nature and the game should be easy to understand
- training should be in the form of a game
- the time of the games should not exceed 5-10 minutes.
Close cooperation with parents has yielded positive results:
- parents began to show interest in their child's achievements in the field of games with natural materials
- participate in the formation of the developing environment conducive to proper child development
- to take an active part in making crafts from natural materials.