Purpose: formation at children of representations about value of bread.
- to increase knowledge among children about the importance of bread in human life;
- to deepen and broaden the knowledge of children about bread
- to foster careful attitude to bread;
- to consolidate children's knowledge about the process of growing bread;
- to raise interest in occupations involved in the production of bread;
- to develop the coherent speech, the ability to reason;
- to develop logical thinking, memory, observation;
- to enrich the vocabulary of preschool children;
- to foster respect for the labor of adults.
Material security: the plot of the picture to accompany the talks (with the image of bread, with a picture of the growth process, with the image of harvesters, with the image of the professions involved in the production of bread (farmers, bakers, the ball.
The course of the conversation:
Teacher: Dear children, I am very glad to see you. Listen, please, the riddle and tell me what it is?
To guess easily and quickly:
Soft, lush and fragrant,
It is black, is he white,
And sometimes burnt.
Teacher: Yes, that's right, today we are going to talk about bread. There's a wonderful proverb: "Bread is everything head". Guys, what do you think, why so say?
(Children's responses) .
Teacher: Guys, remember, please, what you ate for Breakfast (lunch? Though your menu is constantly changing, but there is always bread on the table – in the morning, at lunch and dinner. Because bread is a staple on every table. And so people say, "Bread is everything head".
Bread, bread. With a ruddy crust. And what else could it be, do you think? (Children's responses) .
Teacher: Fragrant, aromatic, hot, soft, bread is different, but it is sure healthy and tasty. Guys, listen, please, a fragment from the poem by S. Pogorelovsky "About bread".
Here it is - bread fragrant,
Here it is - warm, Golden,
In every home, on every Desk,
Guys, where does we have bread at home?
Children: From the store
Teacher: Right, from the store! What do you think, where does it come from the store?
Teacher: to correctly answer this question, we need to remember what makes bread?
Children: from flour
Teacher: what do you get flour?
Children: from grains
Teacher: Guys, to get from whole grain flour, you need to spend a lot of effort and work. You first need to grow rye and wheat, then harvest. These are growers, people who grow for the whole country bread. Cultivation and cleaning people help strong the bread machine. In the spring, only to thaw and dry out the earth in the field beyond the tractor. Who leads it, guys?
Teacher: well Done, guys. Tractor pulling iron plow, which plows the earth deeply. And here the earth became soft, manageable and loose. You can now start to sow! To the tractor attach the drill and the smooth, neatly placed in the ground wheat. Here wheat has risen. All summer ripen the grain in the ears. The field at this time is very beautiful. Let us Swami will become the seeds that sowed in the field.
Physical exercises "In the ground the seed fell"Into the ground the seed fell, (squat down)
To grow in the sun (arms over head)
The rain watered the earth,
And the sprout grew (slowly stand up)
To light and heat stretched
Handsome and turned around. (2 times) .
Well the grain is sprouted, there were spikes, it's time to harvest. To help grain growers go machine – assistants. Guys, I suggest to listen to the riddle and to guess how such machines are called
He walks quickly across the field.
Mows bread, grain threshing.
Blows, right in the car YouTube
He falls asleep the bread into the body-
Working in the field.
Teacher: well Done, guys. The harvester cuts the stalks and thresh of them grains, these grains for special long sleeve sleep in trucks that continuously arrive at the signal combiner. And from the storage of straw from the combine through a certain period of time go yellow large stacks of threshed straw. Further machines carry the grain to the silos – special constructions for grain storage. Then the grain taken to the mill and then the grain grind into flour.
Guys, what do you think, where then goes the flour?
Teacher: send Flour to the bakery, where there are huge vats with yeast. To which add the flour, salt, sugar, water, yeast, and special machines mechanical "hands" kneaded dough for bread. Let's you and I will become a Baker and make dough for bread.
Meshu, mesh dough,
The furnace is in place
Bake, bake the loaf ("we shift the dough" from hand to hand,
And here the dough is kneaded and it is time to put it into shape and put in oven. When the bread and baked, it is loaded on trucks and carried to the stores. This difficult and joyous road passed the bread until we got on the table. A lot of people have to work hard so we can eat this delicious bread.
Game: "Who will call bread? "Guys, what do you think, what else is baked from flour in addition to bread? Let's play, I'll throw you the ball and you will call the products made from flour.
Teacher: Guys, you're doing great.
- What were we talking about today?
- You like our conversation?
- What do you remember most?
- What new words did you learn?
- How to relate to the bread? (Children's responses)
Well, our conversation came to an end, and now you know what went a long way with our bread to get into the store. Bread is the main God