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Conversation the main orchestra for younger students, students of musical schools using information and communication technologies 2018
In the imagination of the composer. when he composes music, is born many of those sounds. They are associated with different thoughts, experiences, feelings of the composer, the Sounds connect, intertwine, merge into one, again divided into many different voices. Develop different tunes are cheerful and sad, calm and combat.
The human voice is not powerful enough to convey all this beauty and wealth. The largest instrument, the organ sounds great when the melody is solemn, smooth, but fast, changeable sounds in his power. Fine instrument violin, sensitive, agile, expressive, but he never fully convey the composer's idea, especially if he was up big, GE-Rochelle work.
What if the violin and its family of string to attach a brass, stringed, percussion, keyboards? If each of them or a group similar to entrust his party? If you use all the skills of the musicians?
Here then is born the music, which we call Symphony.
You can only imagine. on the stage hundreds of musicians. In the hands of one violin, the other - the violas, the third - cello, fourth string, fifth-wind instruments. wooden and copper, before the sixth - percussion: drums, timpani, small shiny triangles, bells. And all of this will be a Symphony orchestra.
It is difficult to compose music. The composer must find the melody that carries his plan exactly, to hear the voices of the instruments that will be to reproduce it. but correctly, clearly ready to execute the work is also very difficult. Each musician must know his part to never stray. This is not enough. Usually the musicians play not all at once. A musician needs to know exactly when to start and, conversely, when to stop playing. In addition, a musician must know what part of the party play it loud, some quiet, some fast and some slow.
It was difficult to be musicians. if not for conductor. He stands on the dais, face to orchestra ationru complex and directs its work. Does this conductor through gestures-"waving hands", as they say are sometimes ignorant people. and the musicians look at the conductor and understand who when, was time to join the game, what temp should take. It is the conductor connects musicians in a single
the whole is in the orchestra and helps them to act in concert. The conductor takes care of that as best as possible were communicated the composer's idea.
Symphony orchestra. Something big and complex. But, imagine, he was not always like this.
In the second half of the 18th century, when Haydn and Mozart composed their symphonies, orchestras were go-section less. The first Symphony of Haydn, for example, is written for strings, two oboes and two French horns.
By the end of the 18th century established the most successful orchestra. we now call small Symphony (or classic). There were strings, a group of woodwinds (two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, a group of brass instruments and percussion-two drums. For this orchestra composed of Symphony Beethoven.
Over time, new tools and improved old ones. For example appeared saxophones. tuba.
And now in our days, a large Symphony orchestra consists of eighty - one hundred tools. that's how they are called groups:
Strings: violin (first and second, viola, cello, double bass.
Woodwinds:flute, small flute, oboe, English horn, clarinet, bassoon, Contrabassoon.
Brass: French horn, trumpet, trombone, tuba.
Percussion: timpani, triangles, Large and small drums, cymbals. tambourine, xylophone, bells, bells.
In the modern orchestra includes a harp. Sometimes composers introduced in the symphonic compositions of piano, celesta and even body.
Conversation "woodwinds" for preschoolers.
Who knows. when and why primitive man cut the reed a reed or bamboo stalk, and saw that she was hollow inside, empty. blew into it. It turned out diplomacy, but quite loud sound. This was the sound one, and wanted to play different tunes. You could, of course, cut a lot of different pipes, both large and small, but to play alternately at all uncomfortable. Then the man came up with this: the pipe he cut out holes-holes that you can plug with your fingers. Hole open, air goes through it, so the tube is shorter, and the sound is higher, and Vice versa: the hole is closed, the tube is longer and the sound below and You will be able in the summer to make such a pipe. So arranged and is subject to all the woodwinds, including flute.
The flute is a Latin word, translates it as "breath", "breath". The sound of her light, high and a little whistling.
Now we will hear the sound of the flute. Sounds like "Melody" by Gluck K. in audio). What sad music! It reminded me of one legend. There lived two brothers. One brutally killed the other out of envy and greed. Nobody knew a terrible secret, and the villain enjoyed the Ukrainian-born happiness. But the time has passed. On the grave of murdered brother cane has grown. Someone had cut cane party and made him a flute, raised it to her lips, and she told people the tragic story. Here is this the fame of the flute, and maybe about the music, which you can tell more truthful than any words.
The flute is very good and melodious sound, and the most complicated virtuoso passages.
Oboe in French means "high wood." But the tree he is like no growth, no color. The "high" probably because his voice is quite high in comparison with other tools. A "tree" because that belongs to the family of woodwind instruments. The sound of the oboe in different registers are not the same. The lower sounds are pretty sharp; medium - rich, soft, with a slightly nasal tinge; high sounds-shrill. Very good oboe conveys a dreamy, pensive mood, helps to paint pictures of nature. But best of all oboe possible imitation of the sound of the flute or shepherd's pipe. Of course! Because the oboe is descended from these ancient folk instruments. He looks like a folk tune: tube with holes along its entire length, to produce the sounds of different heights.
About the ancient predecessors of the oboe created not a few legends, tales, and legends. One of them tells That once the city was attacked by hordes of rats. The people themselves could not get rid of them. And then turned for help to the Piper. The one made from cane mALenka flute and began to play it, so much so that all rats are as charmed, went after the pied Piper He walked slowly, taking the rats from the city farther and farther. When he reached the river, he began to move her Ford and continued to play. The rats were so fascinated by the playing that I couldn't stop before the water and drowned in the river. So the pied Piper rid the town of rats.
That's what the extraordinary power of the sound of the instrument playing and the music itself.
Many items around them, and each of them can sound on impact, making their characteristic sound: a ringing or rattling, knocking or rattling or humming-ass. Some of these sounds are used in the orchestra. Usually they make percussion instruments, including cymbals. Isn't it a strange name? The cymbals beat, and the pieces do not fly. This is because orchestral cymbals-metal percussion instrument. It consists of two round flat plates. A strong and beautiful sound produced by impact of the plates against each other, it turns out the ringing, lush. In addition to extract sound used stick or metal whisk-brush. The sound thus obtained easy, slightly hissing. Dish is one of the most ancient instruments in a Symphony orchestra.
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