Breathing is one of the manifestations of vital activity of the organism. Ancient people noticed: "While I breathe - I hope".
The respiratory system is unique among other systems, provides the vital functions of the body. And, primarily, due to the fact that the breath may change at our request (i.e., arbitrarily) is deeper, less superficial and more often, with the delay or acceleration of breathing.
Of particular importance to the function of respiration is that breathing is the only physiological, autonomic function available for arbitrary regulation already 3-4 years old. As the researchers note, the skills of voluntary regulation of breathing develops with the child's speech in the first years of life when the breath begins to change on a sound, thought or speech stimulus. Therefore, we first analyse movements of children can be taught proper breathing, both at rest and during exercise. Development of the child is inseparably linked with speech development, increase verbal communication. The work of the vocal apparatus is constant stress on the breathing. Pulse rapid breathing in children disrupts the rhythm and fluency of pronunciation of words and phrases. Because of the easy excitability of the respiratory center, the underdevelopment of the nervous regulation of virtually any physical stress, emotional excitement, and even a slight fever in children causes fast breathing rhythm.
The kids inability to control his breathing also contributes disruption in the pronunciation of sounds. For preschoolers there are many and various imperfections in speech breathing: weak inhale and exhale, wasteful and inequitable distribution of exhaled air, uneven, jerky expiration etc. which is why regular exercise for children is not only useful as a General therapeutic tool, but also as one of the conditions of formation of correct and beautiful speech.
1. Nasal gymnastics.
In diseases of the upper respiratory tract it is necessary to restore nasal breathing. Correct nasal breathing facilitates the training of the respiratory muscles, improves local blood circulation, prevents the growth of adenoid vegetations, protects from cold, dryness and infection of the nasal mucosa, helps the reflex regulation of the cerebral circulation.
When rhythmic a full nasal exhale breath better relaxes smooth muscles of bronchi.
2. Components of nasal breathing come in all complexes of the respiratory gymnastics. Free nasal breathing strengthens the respiratory and cardiovascular systems of an organism of the child. To train yourself to correct nasal breathing with the help of gymnastics.
You can engage on fresh air with positive and calm weather or in a well ventilated room. It should be remembered that nasal gymnastics fails during illness and fever. To resume sessions should be 2-3 days after temperature normalization.
1. Evenly, calmly breathe in both nostrils for 30 – 60 seconds. Repeat this after each completed exercise.
2. Press the right nostril to the nasal septum and evenly, breathe calmly left half of the nose for 30 to 60 seconds.
3. Press the left nostril to the nasal septum and evenly, calmly breathe right half of the nose for 30 to 60 seconds.
If at first to breathe through the nose difficult, do from time to time the breath in your mouth.
With the improvement in nasal breathing from even, calm rhythm go to accelerated (increased) breathing. With this type of breathing should be actively working the muscles of the neck, shoulders and chest. However, the rapid breathing can cause dizziness, headache, because of the intense flow of oxygen in the blood vessels of the brain leads to irritation inside them nerve endings, vasospasm, and as a consequence, insufficient supply of oxygen to the brain. Making 2-3 of the amplified breath, need to return to normal breathing. Nasal exercises should do several times a day for 2-3 minutes until, until you or your child will not breathe through the nose constantly.
To monitor the effectiveness of gymnastics after 2-3 weeks after the start of classes is recommended for the tip of the nose to bring a mirror. It should be formed misted the stain, the largest of which can be concluded about the effect of nasal gymnastics. If right or left spot less, so this half of the nose less involved in breathing. To train to until the fogging on both sides are equal.
3. Breathing and sound exercises.
Breathing and sound exercises teaches how to breathe correctly, which means protects to some extent from colds, unfortunately children are not protected from various diseases of the upper respiratory tract, cold. Sound gymnastics is the pronunciation of certain vowels and consonants.
"Wave your wings like rooster."
I. p. – stand straight, feet apart, hands down.
Raise arms at sides – inhale, then slapping their thighs, do exhale and say:
I. p. – stand straight, legs apart, slightly bent, arms stretched forward, fingers clenched into a fist.
To turn right, left, imitating the movements of the mower, do sweeping motions with the hands and pronounce with an exhalation: "Guh! Was guh! ".
I. p. –stand straight, legs apart, feet parallel, hands behind his back.
Lean forward, looking forward, craned to pronounce: "sh-sh-sh-sh".
To return to I. p. – breath.
The children quietly walk around the room or in the group, stop, put his hands around his mouth and on the exhale say out loud: "A-OO-OO-OO! A-y-y-y! A-y-y-y! ".
Adult offers "to smell the fragrant flowers". Nod of the head, children inhale through your nose (strong, exhaling through the mouth, saying: "Ah-Ah-Ah-Ah".
The children slowly walk around the room, raising his hands to the sides, inhale and with the exhale, dropping his hands, and say, "Goo-OO-OO-OO! G-u-u-u! ".
I. p. legs on width of shoulders, hands along a trunk.
Calm breath in I. p.
1-2-3 – springy slopes forward with a triple expiration. Hands behind your back, to look forward.
4 - return to I. p.
"Bending to the side" or "bending with the umbrella".
I. p. legs on width of shoulders, hands on his belt. Calm breath in I. p.
1-2-3 - triple tilt to the side, raise the opposite arm over the head – "busted umbrella" – exhale.
4 – return to I. p.
"Longer than anyone swaying ribbon".
Each child takes his hand in a narrow ribbon of thin colored paper. Feet shoulder width apart, arms down, slightly laid back. Quiet inspiration. On the exhale bring the ribbon to the mouth, make a small slope.
"Blow out the candle".
Stand straight, feet shoulder width apart. Make a free breath and slightly hold your breath. To add his lips. Three rare short exhalation as if blowing out a burning candle: "Ugh! Fu! Fu! ". During the exercise the torso to keep straight.
Cleansing breath – a deep breath and after a short delay of breath two or three short and strong jolts, the air is exhaled through the mouth, folded tube, while the cheeks do not puff up, is repeated 2-3 times, gradually brought up to 5 times. We children pronounce different sounds:- (locomotive, (motor, (wind, -h (leaves rustle...
Ha – the breath. Make a full breath, and then sharp exhale to force air through a widely open mouth with sharp sound "HA! "repeat 3-5 times, lifting his arms up on the inhale, sharply dropping down on the exhale.
These exercises are recommended after suffering a cold. They contribute to the rapid release of respiratory tract from mucus and phlegm.
Also to create optimal conditions for the mechanical outflow of a sputum drainage provisions. Postural drainage or drainage provision is applied in the acute period of the disease, on the background of subfebrile temperature. These provisions help to improve aeration and blood flow to the lungs, to prevent complications (pneumonia). At the beginning of the disease the head and torso of a child raised by 20-30 degrees (it's enough to use a pillow). Later if breathing is difficult, the expectoration is advisable to use a drainage position in which the head and torso of the child positioned below the horizontal line. First-second week of the disease in the drain position the baby needs to be 3-4 times a day for 5-10 minutes.
The first principle is that a small child is placed on the hip mom, the baby's legs wrapped around the mother's thigh. The child lifts the pen up (mom holds child's waist) or along the body (in this case, the child is held by the lower third of the shoulder). Older children can take a sitting position on your heels, bend forward, shoulder girdle lie on the cushion or fisierele, forearms in front of the roller on the floor
Second: the child is placed back on ball of large diameter. Hands can be in two positions: in the up side and down side.
With acute respiratory diseases very often have complications such as sinusitis, rhinopharyngitis, adenoiditis, etc. so here are a few games exercises for the prevention and treatment of these complications.
"Who is the loudest?" or "song of the nose".
Game objective: training of nasal breathing, closing of the lips.
The course of the game. The presenter shows the children how to play: to straighten his back, lips close, the index finger of the left hand press the left nostril to the nasal septum, deeply inhale right nostril (mouth closed) and say (exhale) MMM, simultaneously tapping the index finger of the right hand on the right nostril. Resulting in a long exhale chanting. The sound "MMM" should be sent in the nose, he must be sounding. Then is with the right bow stroke. Further, the exhalation is done by both nostrils.
"little owl - owl".
Goal: development of correction movement of the hands with respiratory movements of the chest, improving breathing function (in-depth exhalation) .
The course of the game. The children sit in a semicircle in front of the world's leading. At a signal the leading "day" child"owls" slowly turn head to the right and to the left. The signal "night" children look forward, waved his hands-"wings". Dropping them down, slowly, without stress to pronounce "uuff". Repeat 2-4 times.
Game objective: training of nasal breathing, of closing the lips, coordination of movements.