The aim of the lesson: to introduce children to the basic properties of water.
• to familiarize children with the properties of water: absence of own shape; transparent; tasteless it. D.
• Refine the knowledge of children about the purpose of water in our lives.
• develop cognitive activity of children in the process of experimentation;
• to consolidate the ability to work with transparent dishes.
• to develop mental operations: comparison, generalization, the ability to analyze;
• to strengthen and enrich the vocabulary of children nouns, adjectives and verbs on the topic, to develop coherent speech, ability to reason, draw conclusions;
• to promote the independent formulation of conclusions.
• to bring up careful attitude to water.
• to educate the ability to work in group, to negotiate, to take into account the opinion of the partner;
Equipment: card in the form of droplets of water with riddles and drawings on the theme of "Water"; transparent plastic cups, transparent vessels of different sizes and shapes, straws for cocktail, sugar, paint, brush, spoons; audio recording of the voice of the master of natural science; of tablecloth, napkins.
Children stand in a semicircle in a group room. The teacher draws attention to the guests, the children say Hello and sit on the place, at this time at this time, the teacher draws the children's attention on the package and the letter that lay on the table.
- Guys! What is it? A letter without a return address, the children of the senior group, open and read: "Hello, guys! I Master of science (preliminary discussion with children who is the master and the meaning of "natural science"). Heard you know a lot and can do. The evil wizard locked in the magic box of my treasures. The box will open only when you unravel the secrets, and answer all the questions and collect the card – scheme. Hurry, you have little time. If you have time, the treasure will be yours. Good luck! "
All assignments are written on the droplets. The teacher gets all the drops from the envelope and reads the assignment written on the droplets. Guess the riddles.
Pours on the bench
From the clouds – watering. (Rain)
Than wool below
The rain closer. (Cloud)
Shoals and whirlpools.
Eroding the shore,
Rushes fast ... (River)
The caregiver attaches to the magnetic card Board with pictures (answers to puzzles) .
Teacher: What unites our answers?
Teacher: Guys, what do you think and where you can find water in nature?
The children's responses.
Teacher: In the seas and oceans – water is what (the teacher engages children to voice work: the water in the sea – as they call it differently? Sea. Water in rivers, lakes, springs, swamps (river, lake, spring, swamp water).
Teacher: How do you think that people water, animals, plants, fish?
The children's responses.
Educator: Water is one of the most amazing substances on the planet. Guys, we already know a lot about water, but today, doing the job of master, get acquainted with its certain properties. And to do that, we need to get to the lab.
Teacher: what is the lab?
Children: To conduct experiments.
Teacher: Who is conducting experiments in the laboratory?
Teacher: I invite you to the lab. The path to the lab is via this narrow bridge. Go so not to fall from the bridge into the river. (The children walk the tightrope on the floor) .
Teacher: We in the laboratory. I suggest you to be scholars. Take your seats at the tables.
Teacher: so, our next assignment from the MSC to explore the properties of water.
Teacher: On the table there are two glasses of water. In one glass of water will keep clean and the other will paint with white paint. Propose to delete a spoon in a glass of water, one into the Cup with paint.
– What did you notice?
Children Express their opinions: in a glass of milk with a spoon are not visible, but in the glass it shines through. Together with the teacher formulate another property of water: clean water is clear. Posted card scheme
Teacher: And now let's use other cups that are on our table. Pay attention to their form. Children have noticed that form all the different cups.
Teacher: let's put water in one Cup, and then in the other. Let's see what happens with the shape of water?
Together with children the teacher formulates the following property of water: in contrast to solids, water has no shape and takes the form of whatever vessel into which it is poured. Posted card scheme
Experience 3. Give the children two glasses. In both glasses of pure water. In one glass add the sugar cube. To have the children via a tube to try first with clean water and then sugar water. To formulate with children another property of water: water is tasteless. Posted card scheme
Experience 4. Guys, what happened with the sugar in a glass of water. (Children: the Sugar is dissolved). Now, take in another glass of water and pour the sand mix. Dissolved water sand. (Children: No.) . Conclusion: water as a solvent for certain substances. Posted card scheme
Experience 5. And what was the water after adding sand. (Children: Dirty). And how it can cleanse. (Children's responses). Now we are going to purify water with the filter. Guys, it's ready. To perform the work will be with me. Take an empty glass then insert the funnel and the funnel of the filter cloth first, and then wool. Now we will to filter water. Pour a thin stream.
Guys, let's see the filter, it was dirty on it there were big pieces of dirt. And the water was clean? (answer: no)
And so, what are the properties of water and we were able to prove through experiment with water and paint, with experience of water and containers of different shapes. (Answers of children.)
Teacher: let's play! And the title for this game you can think of! And so, all the guys out on the carpet, you will be the drops. I will be your mother-the clouds (all drops are suitable for clouds) .It was raining, the drops went to walk the grounds (children jumping on the carpet). Began to appear streams (children are combined a few at a time). Streams all began to merge into the river (children hold hands and "turn into" one big river). Then the river flowed into the sea (held hands in a circle). Here it was Sunny and was very hot! Droplets began to evaporate
And in the form of vapor droplets back to the mother-cloud (all children are returned to the teacher). And now I sit down on the chairs. Our game ended.
Teacher: how do you think you can name our game! (Answers of children.)
Game on attention.
While the children played, the card-scheme disappeared, the tutor offers to find them, but be careful, because among them will be other cards, the properties of which children do not know, the teacher allows the installation to find only those cards whose properties children proved.
Children find the card – scheme, put them on the Board and summarize: today we learned a lot about water. That we cannot live without water, that water is a liquid, tasteless, transparent and odorless form. Water supplies are replenished through a process called the water cycle.
- You guys did a great job and let's hear it, what are we going to tell Master.
Audio: Dear guys! I'm happy for you! You all coped with my tasks, revealed all the secrets of water, you managed to collect all the cards and for that I reward you its treasures. To box was opened, I must say the magic words: "Rabelais - crab, boom! "(the children open the box and find a surprise) .
The teacher thanked all the children for the work.