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Star, the Sun and planets 2018
Objective: to Form an idea of the Sun as a star and the planets of the Solar system.
1. To form an idea of the Sun as a hot celestial body spherical shape. Clarify children's knowledge about the Sun as a source of heat and light for all living things on Earth.
2. To acquaint children with the concept of "Solar system", about planets in General. To expand children's knowledge about the structure of the Solar system: all planets revolve around the Sun, planets of different colors and sizes, but they all have the same shape. Develop thinking, memory, attention.
3. Develop logical thinking, imagination, attention and memory, spatial representation.
4. To foster intellectual curiosity; to develop the skills of collaboration: ability to work in a team.
Preliminary work: considering the scheme of the Solar system with children, considering illustrations on the theme of "Space", a conversation about space and astronauts; visiting the planetarium; reading poems and stories about space; viewing m/f about space; collective work: the newspaper"Cosmos and we".
Equipment: pictures, posters, drawings depicting planets of the solar system, solar layout, globe, electronic poster "Space", masks depicting planets, books, magazines, coloring books, stickers about space," planet " of the solar system (circles of different colors and sizes on the magnet, a presentation about Yuri Gagarin, a presentation of the solar system, space music.
Tutor: Children, have you ever watched the night sky? What did you see on it?
Children: (stars, month, moon)
Educator: the Stars they seem to us small luminous dots, because they are very far away from us, but in fact they are big. Space has always interested people, people wanted to know if there is life on other planets. What is space? Who and what flies into space?
Children: (space is a huge space, where no beginning and no end, people who fly in space rockets, the first man who flew into space Yuri Gagarin)
(Showing different portraits of Yuri Gagarin, slides)
Educator: Here is a picture of the world's first astronaut who flew around the Earth, Yuri Gagarin. Many years ago, he was the first in history to fly into space on a spaceship "Vostok", since then every year on April 12, the whole country celebrates the day of cosmonautics. What do you think an astronaut should be like? (children's answers)
Children: (the Astronaut must be healthy, strong, brave, brave, intelligent, smart, etc.))
Tutor: well Done guys! When Yuri Gagarin was in space, he saw through the window only one planet - our Earth. And we know that in addition to the Earth there are 7 planets.
(Demonstration of the module of The earth - globe, posters depicting the Earth, slides).
Teacher: only 8 Planets. There is still a 9th planet, but unfortunately, scientists do not consider it a planet for its small size. What's the name of this planet?
Children: (the farthest and smallest planet is called Pluto)
Educator: all planets move around the Sun. What do you guys know about the sun?
Children: (the sun is a star, it is very hot, all the simmering, none of the space rocket won't be able to fly up close, the sun gives us heat and light without the sun no life would exist on Earth)
Slide show about the Sun
Educator: the Sun is a big star, it is located in the center of our galaxy, 8 big planets move around it, the sun gives warmth and light to our planet. Guys, let's use poems to remember the names of all planets:
On the moon lived Stargazer
On the moon lived Stargazer
He kept records of the planets.:
MERCURY — time,
Three — LAND,
Four — MARS,
Five — JUPITER,
Six — SATURN,
Eight — NEPTUNE,
Nine — the farthest PLUTO,
Who does not see — here he is!
Educator: each planet has its own orbit, everything in space is in constant motion. Each planet moves in its own way, orbit.
(Display the map of the solar system)
Teacher: Today we'll take a trip and get acquainted with the planets. What would we remember them, we'll make the map "Solar system".
(Floor 8 circles of different diameters, simulating the orbit of the planets, in the middle round yellow sun)
Educator: all planets move around the Sun. The sun is a source of heat and light. What is the name of the closest planet to the Sun?
Children: (mercury is the closest planet to the Sun)
Educator: the very first planet – mercury, it is small and located closest to the sun, mercury is red and therefore. What color and size will be the mask of the planet?
1 child: (puts on a mask depicting mercury and rises in 1st circle near the sun)
Meets the first solar storms
Elusive, little mercury.
Tutor: Guys, after mercury goes Venus, this planet is the second from the sun, it is hot, purple planet and tightened clouds.
2 child: (puts on a mask depicting Venus and rises in the 2nd round)
The second, for him, flies Venus
With heavy, dense atmosphere.
Educator: the Third planet Earth, we live on it with you.
3. kid (with the mask of the Earth in its orbit):
And the third, circling the carousel,
The earth, our cradle.
Educator: After the Earth, the fourth in a row Mars-it is also called the red star, before people thought that it also has living beings, but they were wrong.
4th child (rises to 4-th circle with the words):
Fourth-Mars, planet rusty,
Red-orange the most.
And then rush, a swarm of bees,
Its orbit of asteroids.
Teacher: Well, that went on. The fifth planet is the largest, called Jupiter, it consists of liquid and gas.
5th child (falls into the 5th round of Jupiter):
The fifth is Jupiter, very much
The starry sky is well visible.
Tutor: the Sixth planet Saturn will tell us about it (the 6th child).
The 6th child (falls into the 6th round):
Sixth-Saturn, in chic rings,
Charming, in the sun.
Each planet has something of its own,
What most clearly sets it apart.
Saturn will certainly recognize in the face
He's surrounded by a big ring.
It is not continuous, from different strips.
Here's how scientists resolved the issue:
Once upon a time there was frozen water,
The rings of Saturn out of the snow and ice
Educator: There are three other planets that are far from the sun and are very cold. The seventh planet from gas and ice is Uranium. Eighth Neptune-it is dark blue. The ninth Pluto is a grey planet.
7th child (gets to the 7th round):
Seventh is Uranus, lay down like a couch potato,
After all, the hard way its far.
8th child (gets on 8-track):
Eighth-Neptune, the fourth gas giant
In a beautiful blue shirt Frant.
9th child (gets in the 9th round):
Pluto, Charon, ninth in the system,
In the darkness, the Duo pass the time.
Children under space music begin to move in their orbit around the Sun
Educator: Guys, look what we got with the solar system: the Sun gathered around him all his friends-planets. No, we are not forgotten?
Children (Forgot Earth satellite the moon)
Tutor: Right, guys! We forgot the close companion (friend) of the Earth to the moon. The moon, unlike the planets, moves around the Earth.
Educator: the Solar system is our home, which is laid out how many planets?
Children (8 planets, 9 Pluto is not considered because of the size)
Teacher: Guys, in conclusion, we repeat all of our planet:
In order all the planets
Will call any of us:
One ... Mercury,
Two ... Venus . ,
Three ... The Earth,
Four ... Mars.
Five ... Jupiter,
Six ... Saturn,
Seven ... Uranium,
Behind him ... Neptune.
He's eighth in a row.
And for him already, then,
And the ninth planet
Under the name Pluto.
Educator: Did you guys enjoy our space trip? You all did good work today, in conclusion of our journey I propose to stick the planets to their orbits in order.
Children are given pictures of the solar system with orbits of planets and stickers.
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