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Extra-curricular activities "At the origins of music" 2018
• To nurture aesthetic culture of children;
• To instill a love of music;
• To develop an interest in the culture of the countries and peoples of the world, the cultural heritage of their country.
Form of the meeting: the game.
Equipment: computer, multimedia projector, interactive whiteboard, presentation.
- Hello, guys!
Today we will embark on an amazing journey through the origins of music: a look into the past of ancient civilizations, meet music amazing countries, we learn the Genesis of the music, hear how it's varied and beautiful. (1 slide)
Now I will introduce journalists to our event today (three students). They will closely monitor the progress of the event, doing sketches and writing, and at the end of the event we will hear them.
Before you embark on this exciting journey, I ask you guys to close your eyes, relax and listen to a poem about music...
It was spring blue,
And a woman in the ancient ages
The fire was built and sang
Under that click smart goldfinches.
Had fun – great Tits
Overheard fractional trill -
To sing as good as birds
Made people the pipe...
I realized from the voices of the wind
Where splashing in the shore to wave,
There was the music generous,
What is heard in the halls concert!
So with music we do not say goodbye...
And the fact of her beauty,
In music – the wind and the bird,
And waves, and a woman that... (slide 2)
- Guys, what do you imagine while listening to the poem?
- And you wonder, when did the music?
So, when there was music? This question has long worried people. The ancient Greeks believed that music given to them by the gods.
Scientists found that the music appeared in the primitive society. The ancient people she was connected to their daily life. Women were singing, arranging life in your home, cradling children, men returning home with heavy hunting.
What exactly was the music of primitive people we do not know. But there was a lot of onomatopoeia: the sounds of nature, the cries of animals and birds. The main element of primitive music was rhythm. He helped people clearly to perform the movement at work. Later, so did the first reel, and a type of spiritual tools steel horn and shell. (3 slide)
The African tribes are still used like musical instruments. (4 slide)
- String instruments were also invented in ancient times. Images of ancient stringed instruments preserved in the numerous petroglyphs, most of which is in the Pyrenees.
Among the musical instruments used by the first civilizations, find Lyra, the harp, flute. (5 slide)
- You are transported to Ancient Egypt. (Slide 6)
Music is one of the problem areas in the history of ancient Egyptian culture. We are well known ancient Egyptian tools, among which a special place was occupied by the harp, wind and percussion, both on murals and reliefs, and by excavations; fine examples of musical instruments available in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, the Louvre, the British Museum.
However, no form of "music" records did not exist, music was one of the sacred arts, the teaching of which was directly from the teacher.
Accurate information about the main genres of Egyptian music there. Presumably they were connected with the mysteries – the musical-dramatic performances on the life of the gods.
- Listen to you folk music of Egypt. (7 slide)
- Go ahead. Our next station of Ancient India. (Slide 8)
In Indian music was used seven basic sounds (they correspond to the European scale).
The main principle of Indian music was improvisation, was based on a raga (SKT. "color") – a traditional sustainable melody. The word "raga" was used to denote a genre based on the tunes. (Slide 9)
Melodic structure of the raga is subordinate to its content. Ragas were designed to cause the listener to certain States and feelings: love, joy, disgust, anger, surprise, calm. Some ragas are endowed with magical properties: the ability to cause rain, fire, etc., depending on the nature of the raga, the performer had to give the face expression or the right to wear the appropriate mask and use proper gestures.
In India, his divinity, art and music Saraswati.
- Listen to the music of Ancient India. (10 slide)
- What do you feel and mind when listen to music of Indians?
- Did you enjoy your journey through the origins of the music of Ancient India?
Now we move to Ancient China. (Slide 11)
The first mention of Chinese music are found in legends and myths, documentary evidence belong to the XVI-XI centuries BC.
Chinese music was introduced Lu-Lu (literally "build", "measure", was based on a twelve sounds. Each had a magical meaning: odd sounds embodied light, the active forces of Heaven, even the dark, passive force of the Earth. Together, they expressed the change of the months in a year and hours in a day.
It was believed that through music it is possible to cause the rain to affect the growth of plants, and the violation of centuries of established traditions can lead to various troubles. (12 slide)
Beautiful music has a strictly defined structure, which can not be broken, as it is impossible to break the law.
- Now, listen to the beautiful music of Ancient China. (Slide 13)
- Now we learn about the music of the ancient Greeks. (Slide 14)
- Guys, do you know anything about Ancient Greece?
In the life of the ancient Greeks, music has played a very important role. She sounded on the holidays and days of mourning in theatrical performances. Many Greeks knew how to sing and play musical instruments, the lyre and the cithara. It is known from Homer's poems "Iliad" and "Odyssey". The images of musicians can also be found on the famous Greek vases. (Slide 15)
About music in Ancient Greece and told the world archaeological finds.
On the island of Crete was discovered figurines of musicians, as well as murals of dancers and singers. (Slide 16)
The Greeks were lovely dances: smooth dances and jumping dances. All the dances were performed to the accompaniment of a wind instrument of the avlos.
The significance of ancient music. Because until now, musicians around the world use the terms of Greek origin: "music", "melody", "harmony", "gamma".
The ancient Greeks believed that a child should do sports, to harden their body and music to discipline the soul.
- We will now listen to the music for a popular Greek dance – Sirtaki – the symbol of Greece. (Slide 17)
Let's visit with you Ancient Japan. (Slide 18)
It is assumed that ancient Japanese music was primitive and monotonous. Knowledge of ancient music in Japan is based almost exclusively on archaeological evidence.
The availability of music culture in ancient Japan are clearly marked, but talking about the existence of an independent instrumental or vocal music is not possible. To where the music was more complex, it most likely came from China and Korea, so it cannot be called Japanese folk music. (Slide 19)
During the formation of early statehood in Japan, in connection with the adoption of Buddhism as the state religion develop the types of music that are directly or indirectly associated with the Buddhist cult.
- Now listen to Japanese music. (Slide 20)
- Did you like Japanese music? Why?
- Travel to Ancient Russia... (slide 21)
The musical culture of Ancient Russia, from the Kiev period and throughout the middle Ages, had a dual nature.
It simultaneously coexisted two cultures of different origin: the people's Church. But the life of the folk and Church music were of a different character. The development of Church music were a book, it required special schools.
Music sounded during the solemn ceremonies at the court of princes. So, change of food at feasts, were accompanied by instrumental music or epic. In the war with the help of pipes, horns, PRMS, drums, tambourines signaled and made a noise that was supposed to scare the enemy.
The most common instrument was the harp. On the harp as the indispensable accessories buffoons mentioned in old Russian songs and ballads. (Slide 22)
Clowns – this Russian medieval actors, at the same time singers, dancers, animal trainers, musicians, wits, artists, skits, acrobats, and the authors of the most performed of their verbal-musical and dramatic works. (23 slide)
The repertoire of minstrels consisted of comic songs, plays, social satires ("gloom", performed in masks and "mummer's dress to the accompaniment of horn, Gusel, zhaleyka, domra, bagpipes, tambourine. The skomorokhs performed in the streets and squares, constantly communicated with the audience, engaged them in his performance.
Folk music was not recorded until the XIII century. It was passed from mouth to mouth.
- Now we will listen to the unique ancient music. (Slide 24)
So, we come to the end of our journey. I think we need to go back. (25 slide)
Let's give the floor to our reporters. (26 slide)
- Children, did you enjoy today's journey to the sources of music?
- What did you learn?
- What is the most memorable?
-Guys, thanks for the work. Success. Up to new meetings!
(Bell rings, students leave).
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