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Abstract activities in group of early age of 2-3 years Experimentation with materials and substances "Ice" 2018
Abstract activities in group of early age of 2-3 years.
Experimentation with materials and substances.
Integration of educational areas: "Socio-communicative development, Cognitive development, Speech development, Artistic and aesthetic development".
-create the ability to experiment with ice,to stimulate interest in games using water, snow, ice. ;
-create the ability to call a property of the ice: slippery, wet, cold;
-encourage attempts of children older than 2.5 years on its own initiative or at the request of the caregiver to tell about the event from personal experience;
-to form an idea about natural phenomena;
-forming ideas about the natural phenomena of the winter: it was cold, the tracks ice, slippery, you can fall;
-to develop the ability to distinguish between the number of objects: many-one (one - many)
to bring up the ability to play close, not interfering with each other;
-create the ability to answer questions, to repeat a simple phrase;
-to organize educational games on the development of tactile and fine motor skills of hands;
-to foster a desire to listen to beautiful music, listen to nursery rhymes, poems, finger games.
Planned results. Child :
-has a basic understanding of natural seasonal phenomena in winter;
-distinguish between one and many objects;
-in compliance with the basic rules of the game of water;
-communicates in a dialogue with an adult accompanies speech gaming activities;
-listening available on the content of the verses;
emotionally responds to the game, offered to adults, imitates his actions, and takes a game task;
-plays near other children without interfering with, imitating actions of peers;
-distinguish between red, blue, green, yellow.
game; looking at ice; demonstrate and understanding of action; joint caregiver actions; help; warning; instruction; encouragement; artistic expression; independent telling children.
Materials: water, snow, ice (pre-frozen ice).
Preliminary work: the observation of what is happening with a clean and colored water after passing it on the street, listening to poems, looking at paintings on the theme "Ice".
A basin of water, snow, ice; cookie cutters, ice painted and unpainted.
The progress of experimentation:
1. Motivation: it Sounds beautiful melody of a children's song to set the mood.
The teacher invites children to dance like snowflakes.
Finger game "the Wizard Santa Claus"
Here came the cold, fingers Going one
hands forefinger and
nameless palm of the other hand.
Drizzling water, here: Show at the bowl with ice.
Ah, the wonderful world Santa Claus, big arms
We lenses brought. Hands show itself.
The teacher puts on the table three basins, with snow, ice and warm water.
Teacher: you Guys, come to the table. View from basin. In the same water. Feel the waters. What water? (answers of children)
Teacher: Yes. Guys, the water's liquid, warm, transparent. I specifically poured some warm water.
Teacher: And in this basin what? (Answers of children). That's right –snow. Snow what?
(Answers of children). Teacher: that's Right, snow white and very cold
Teacher: And what is this basin? (Answers of children)And here you guys ice and icicles.
Now we consider the ice and the ice will play, but first get acquainted with the rules:
2. Clarification of the rules of safety:
-do not take ice in your mouth;
-do not splash water and not to throw themselves or other children;
-colored ice to take it only with gloves.
Teacher: all right, guys? (children respond)
3. Conversation about the ice:
Teacher: Ice, ice...
Ice at the house, at the gate.
I love to slide on the ice,
Even where ice go.
But barely made a step,
On the track there and then - whack!
How in kindergarten I walk?
Not crawling back there to crawl!
Slightly slide forward.
Teacher: If the street is slippery, you can fall and hit. So people are not falling, ice on the paths sprinkled with sand. Do you like to skate on ice? (Answers of children). How does the ice on the tracks? (Answers of children). The cold water freezes and becomes ice.
3. Statement of research objectives:
Guys, let's take a closer look at ice. Who needs ice?.
4. Execution of the 1st part of the experiment. (Ice is not transparent of colored water, colored water ice is opaque.)
-Guys, in this large basin ice. We are with you in the evening poured water into a basin and carried it outside. Who wants to see what has become of the water? (The teacher puts in a tray of ice cubes from the molds. Children, it is ice. What is it? Tell me again. (Answers of children)Much or little ice is on the tray? As we made the ice?
(The teacher helps the children to remember and tell how they poured water in the molds and the basin and were carried into the street.
Teacher: On the street it is winter, therefore very cold and the water was cold. When it's cold, the water freezes in puddles, rivers, lakes, turns into ice. Let's look at the ice. View, it is clear, ice is slippery. I take the piece of ice in hand, and it slips out of your hands. Who wants to touch the piece of ice?
(Children take the ice in hand, review it, share impressions. The teacher asks questions to the children, addressing each child individually)
Teacher: Ice slippery? Ice want to slip out of your hands? What is ice: cold or warm? Ice cold. Put the ice in a basin of water. Put carefully so water does not spill and hands wet. All put? Hands in water is not dipped? Why are your hands wet?
(To bring the children to the understanding that the ice is melting from the heat, and your hands warm. Offers a napkin to wipe his hands).
5. The implementation of the 2nd part of the experiment
(Ice from water tinted opaque)
Teacher: And remember guys, day before yesterday on the walk we tint and froze in the molds with water, let's see, what have we got?
Ah, what a beauty!
Teacher: Guys, ice from a transparent tinted water? Can through it to see something (children's Responses)
-Yes, of course.
Teacher : Children, now we're going to play. Take ice cubes, keep them in a bowl. Interestingly, the ice will sink in water or not. No, ice does not sink in water, It floats on the surface.
Teacher :-Let's catch. (Catch ladle, skimmer or butterfly net.)
6. Formulation of conclusions and summary of activities. Children, what have we learned today?
The cold water freezes. Water turns to ice. Ice cold and slippery. If the ice on the street, you can fall. So the streets are sprinkled with sand. Transparent ice from pure water. Of tinted water or dirty ice is not transparent. And again, Ice floats in water, it floats, and the ice is melting in the water.
Teacher: kids, today we learned a lot about ice. Get those icicles on the street, and when a bit warmer we'll go out and decorate pieces of ice our site and hang on the Christmas tree icicles with the thread.
And now let's have a rest. Guys, let's get together to dance.
Melody is a beautiful children's song.
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